Art in the Industrial Revolution

Art in the Industrial Revolution was centered on four main aspects: Painting, Photography, Film, and Music.

Painting was probably the main focus of art at that time because the others were new and still taking hold as opposed to this one which external image Gustave_Courbet.jpgexternal image 235px-L.S._Lowry.jpghad been around for longer. This art form went through some big transition periods during the industrial revolution. At the start of the IR, the main painting style was Romanticism which gradually became Realism as time progressed, finally culminating in Impressionism towards the very end and after the IR finished. Some well known artists of this time are probablyL.S. Lowry, and Gustave Courbet. Gustave Courbet was a French artist who began the realism movement in France, which then swept across to other coutries. Burial at Ornans is probably his most famous painting. L.S. Lowry was an english artist who lived in a factory area, and so studied the IR movement. Painting was a big part of the industrial era.

Photography was a newer art form, arriving at about 1880-1890. It received a lot of criticism from painters, who didn’t like the style of art. It was improved again and again and is still being improved now. It was widely publicised though. Kodak were one of the first companiesexternal image kodak_old-new_202x105.gif to make cameras and film. Many other people, who weren't painters or regular artists, adored the new craze of phtotgraphy. It was easy, beautiful, and anyone could do it. It was able to portray real life, while it was going on. Instead of making people stand still for hours while you painted, or keeping an image in your head, you could have an image in one big click. Photography was still in black and white then and colour was not to be brought into pictures until after the end of the IR.
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Some new music forms were invented during the industrial era, with one of the first jazz songs recorded being Lazy River by Louis Armstrong. Jazz was a big art from during the industrial era. It was considered groovy, emotional music, that you could snap your fingers to. Everybody liked this newer form of music, as it had an easy sound, and was relaxing to listen to. Louis Armstrong was probably one of the biggest jazz artists then, and he is still known for his great sound today.

external image CharlieChaplin.jpgFilm was also quite a new thing and to begin with there wasn’t even any sound, but later on sound was introduced. One of the most famous actors was Charlie Chaplin who did many different silent movies. All the movies were black and white. These were called silent pictures, where all the acting would be in black and white, and silent, and after a scene there would be a few words that came up on the screen. These words were usually what the actors 'said'. Charlie Chaplin was a comedic actor, who created many different episodes of 'the tramp', his most famous character, and some movies.

In conclusion, the industrial revolution had a big impact on many different forms of art, whether it be graphics, music, photography, or film. The factory life inspired many artists, and so it helped move along art at that time. This was definitely an interesting topic to study.

By: Sally Bourne, Elliott Scott, and Allegra Moorehead

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